English, brass set of Five (5 ) original measures of heavy quality with seamed bodies.
The group include the Imperial half gallon, quart, pint, half pint, and gill for the County of Bedford 1891 on all five quart, pint, and half pint VR stamped earliest ( 1837-1901) and 1921 latest, the other two have GR (1936 ). all have the same indenture mark on the base 2205. The engraving is crisp and they are in excellent condition.
Half gallon 8.75″ H, 7.75″ base
Quart 6.25″ H, 6.0″ base
Pint 5.625″ H, 4.625″ base
Half pint 4.375″ H, 3.875″ base
Gill 3.5″ H, 2.875″ base
Two types of capacity measure were developed with one to measure liquids and the other for solids such as seed, grain, salt, sand, coal and shellfish. Some quantities were common to both systems but were not necessarily of the same size. Many different standards existed until the Weights and Measures Act of l824 set new standards though many of the old standards were used until the end of the 19th century.
The Imperial Gallon is derived from the old ale gallon while the U.S. gallon is derived from the old wine gallon.
Liquid Measure (Imperial post 1824)
4 gills make 1 pint
2 pints make 1 quart
4 quarts make 1 gallon (of 277.274 cubic inches)
1 firkin or quarter barrel is 9 gallons
1 Kilderkin or half barrel is l8 gallons
1 Barrel is 36 gallons
1 Hogshead of ale is 54 gallons
1 Hogshead of wine is 63 gallons
1 Pipe is 126 gallons
1 Tun is 252 gallons